APARC Publications

A collection of books published in Shorenstein APARC in-house monograph series set against the background of Encina Hall entranceway

Shorenstein APARC Publications

Sharing scholarship and insight on pressing Asia-Pacific topics

Our publishing program

We disseminate research and insight by the Shorenstein APARC intellectual community through an active publishing program that includes an array of books, working papers, and policy briefs. In addition, our faculty and researchers publish extensively in peer-reviewed, academic journals and in scholarly and trade presses. They also frequently provide commentary on newsworthy topics affecting Asia and U.S.-Asia relations.

Featured Publications

Book cover showing a robotic hand holding an older human hand.

Exploring the Intersection of Demographics and Innovation in Asia

The new volume 'Demographics and Innovation in the Asia-Pacific' offers lessons from Asian nations about the challenges facing aging societies and the roles technology and innovation may play in rebalancing them.
Cover of the book 'Shifting Gears in Innovation Policy: Strategies from Asia,' showing gears in motion

Charting a Course for Future Economic Growth in East Asia

The volume 'Shifting Gears in innovation Policy' examines the strategies East Asian nations are adopting to transition from the catch-up economic model to indigenous innovation and entrepreneurship.
Cover of the book 'The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century'

Analyzing China-Southeast Asia Relations in the 21st Centurry

In Donald K. Emmerson’s new edited volume, ‘The Deer and the Dragon,’ experts explore how Southeast Asian nations are navigating complex challenges in relation to their powerful and increasingly assertive neighbor.

APARC Monograph Series with Stanford University Press

Jointly with Stanford University Press, the Center produces the series Studies of the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, featuring academic research by our faculty and scholars.

APARC In-House Series with the Brookings Institution Press

The Center produces a self-published book series featuring policy-relevant research and analysis by our scholars and affiliates. Titles in this series are distributed by Brookings Institution Press.

Publications

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Journal Article

Japanese government debt and sustainability of fiscal policy

Takeo Hoshi, Takero Doi, Tatsuyoshi Okimoto
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies , 2011

We construct quarterly series of the revenues, expenditures, and debt outstanding for Japan from 1980 to 2010, and analyze the sustainability of the fiscal policy. We pursue three approaches to examine the sustainability. First, we calculate the minimum tax rate that stabilizes the debt to GDP ratio given the future government expenditures. Using 2010 as the base year, we find that the government revenue to GDP ratio must rise permanently to 40–47% (from the current 33%) to stabilize the debt to GDP ratio.

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Working Paper

U.S.-Japan Cooperation on the Reform of International Organizations

Phillip Lipscy
Japan Center for International Exchange , 2011

The global balance of power is undergoing a gradual but dramatic shift. While the United States will likely remain a preeminent economic and geopolitical power, the long era of American hegemony is coming to an end. In particular, managing the rise of Asia will likely prove to be the central challenge of international politics in the 21st century. In the face of such striking change, rigidity threatens to make international organizations relics of a bygone era. A substantial update of the international organizational architecture is needed.

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Journal Article

The Autumn Harvest: Peasants and Markets in Post-Collective Rural China

Xueguang Zhou
The China Quarterly , 2011

For the peasants in rural China, the harvest season is the occasion when several different worlds—the business world of large companies, the entrepreneurial world of middlemen, local elites and peasant households—are compressed into the same social space, thereby inducing intensive economic and social interactions and crystallizing social relations among villagers, local elites and markets.

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Journal Article

China: Big Changes Coming Soon

Henry Rowen
Policy Review, No. 170 , 2011

Big changes are ahead for China, probably abrupt ones. The economy has grown so rapidly for many years, over 30 years at an average of 9 percent a year, that its size makes it a major player in trade and finance and increasingly in political and military matters. This growth is not only of great importance internationally, it is already having profound domestic social effects and it is bound to have internal political ones — sooner or later.

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Journal Article

Asia Health Policy Program Brochure

Shorenstein APARC , 2011

Established in 2007, the Asia Health Policy Program (AHPP) promotes a comparative understanding of health and health policy in the Asia-Pacific region through research, collaboration with scholars throughout the region, a colloquium series on health and demographic change in the Asia-Pacific, and conferences and publications on comparative
health policy topics.

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Working Paper

Do Chinese Really Save Too Much? Aspects from Total Factor Productivity Growth in China since 1952

Chong-En Bai, Qiong Zhang
Asia Health Policy Program working paper #25 , 2011

China’s economic growth over the past three decades is unprecedented. Although this growth is commonly attributed to a high domestic savings rate among “thrifty” Chinese, savings alone cannot promote economic growth unless productivity has continuously grown for such a long period. This article uses a one-sector, neoclassical growth model to calibrate the economy to Chinese data since 1952 and finds that measuring changes in total factor productivity between 1952 and 2005 can well capture the secular movements in the Chinese savings rate.

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Policy Brief

Demographic Change in East Asia: Economic, Social, and Security Implications

Shorenstein APARC , 2011

Japan leads, chased closely by South Korea, with China, on a vastly larger scale, not far behind. Not as mercantilist development states nor as threats to America’s high-tech industry, but rather as the world’s most rapidly aging societies.

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Journal Article

Prescribing Institutions: Explaining the Evolution of Physician Dispensing (journal article)

Karen Eggleston
Journal of Institutional Economics, FirstView Article , 2011

Health systems provide a rich field for testing hypotheses of institutional economics. The incentive structure of current healthcare delivery systems have deep historical and cultural roots, yet must cope with rapid technological change as well as market and government failures. This paper applies the economic approach of comparative and historical institutional analysis (Aoki, 2001; Greif, 2006) to health care systems by conceptualizing physician control over dispensing revenues as a social institution.

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Working Paper

U.S.-ROK Relations and the Role of the Korean-American Community

Joon-woo Park
The National Unification Advisory Council , 2011

During the North American Chasedae Forum, 2011 Koret Fellow Joon-woo Park stated: "[...As the United States and Korea] grow closer together, the role of the Korean-American community becomes crucial for the future of U.S.-ROK relations." The forum, held November 4-6, 2011, was organized by the San Francisco Chapter of the National Unification Advisory Council.


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Working Paper

Modes of Governance in the Chinese Bureaucracy: A “Control Rights” Theory

Xueguang Zhou, Hong Lian
2011

Drawing on insights from recent economic theories of incomplete contracts and property rights, we develop a theoretical model on authority relationships in the Chinese bureaucracy by conceptualizing the allocation of control rights in goal setting, inspection and incentive provision among the principal, supervisor and agent. Variations in the allocation of control rights give rise to different modes of governance and entail distinct behavioral implications among the parties involved.

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Journal Article

Anti-American and Anti-Alliance Sentiments in South Korea

Gi-Wook Shin, Hilary Izatt
Asian Survey , 2011

The strain between the United States and the Republic of Korea is often seen as a result of South Korea's anti-Americanism. However, alliance strain and anti-Americanism have not necessarily changed together. This conceptual disparity calls for the need to specify, rather than assume, causality. The authors utilize newly collected data from two major Korean dailies to show this need.

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Policy Brief

“New Beginnings” in the U.S.-ROK Alliance: Recommendations to the Obama Administration (October 2011)

Michael H. Armacost, Robert Carlin, Victor Cha, Thomas C. Hubbard, Don Oberdorfer, Charles L. "Jack" Pritchard, Evans J. R. Revere, Gi-Wook Shin, Daniel C. Sneider, David Straub
Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center , 2011

Stanford University’s Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center (Shorenstein APARC) and The Korea Society established the New Beginnings policy study group three years ago to enhance the United States’ important alliance with the Republic of Korea. Differences of approach toward North Korea had created significant tensions between the two governments in preceding years.

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Journal Article

Rethinking Property Rights as a Relational Concept: Access to Financial Resources Among Small and Mid-Sized Firms

Xueguang Zhou, Lulu Li
Chinese Sociological Review , 2011

The prevailing image in the economic and legal literature portrays property rights as “a bundle of rights” and emphasizes their exclusivity, autonomy, and stability. Building on Zhou (2005), the authors elaborate and illustrate an alternative theoretical model to conceptualize property rights as a relational concept. They argue that the formation and evolution of property rights reflect ongoing social relations between an organization and its key stakeholders within and outside its boundaries.

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Journal Article

The Road to Collective Debt in Rural China: Bureaucracies, Social Institutions, and Public Goods Provision

Xueguang Zhou
Modern China , 2011

Focusing on the episodes of the government’s Paved Road to Every Village (PREV) project in an agricultural township in northern China, this article examines two research issues: First, the role of state policies, government bureaucracies, and village cadres in the provision of public goods, especially the unintended consequences that led to huge collective debts and the erosion of the collective basis of governance and second, the role of local institutions and social relations in resource mobilization, problem solving, and response to crises, especially in the aftermath of the PREV project

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Working Paper

Social Change and Psychological Well-being in Urban and Rural China

Huijun Liu, Shuzhuo Li
Asia Health Policy Program working paper #23 , 2011

The economic reforms of the past two decades have initiated a major social transition in China, characterized by unprecedented social mobility and stratification.  Meanwhile, the privatization of health care has increased costs to the consumer and further changed familial and social norms. While such changes would logically affect individuals’ psychological well-being, little attention has been paid to their impact in this regard.

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Journal Article

Educational Disparities in Quality of Diabetes Care in a Universal Health Insurance System: Evidence from the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Young Kyung Do, Karen Eggleston
International Journal for Quality in Health Care , 2011

Objective To investigate educational disparities in the care process and health outcomes among patients with diabetes in the context of South Korea's universal health insurance system.

Design Bivariate and multiple regression analyses of data from a cross-sectional health survey.

Setting A nationally representative and population-based survey, the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

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Journal Article

The Problem and Promise of Focality in World Affairs

Donald K. Emmerson
Strategic Review: The Indonesian Journal of Leadership, Policy, and World Affairs , 2011

In this essay, Southeast Asia Forum director Donald K. Emmerson makes the following argument:

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Book

The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia

Erik Kuhonta
Stanford University Press , 2011

Why do some countries in the developing world achieve growth with equity, while others do not? If democracy is the supposed panacea for the developing world, why have Southeast Asian democracies had such uneven results? In exploring these questions, political scientist Erik Martinez Kuhonta argues that the realization of equitable development hinges heavily on strong institutions, particularly institutionalized political parties and cohesive interventionist states, and on moderate policy and ideology.

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Book

Reducing Uncertainty: Intelligence Analysis and National Security

Thomas Fingar
Stanford University Press , 2011

Description from Stanford University Press:

The US government spends billions of dollars every year to reduce uncertainty: to monitor and forecast everything from the weather to the spread of disease. In other words, we spend a lot of money to anticipate problems, identify opportunities, and avoid mistakes. A substantial portion of what we spend—over $50 billion a year—goes to the U.S. intelligence community.

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Journal Article

Restitution for Reconciliation: The US, Japan, and the Unpaid Assets of Asian Forced Mobilization Victims

Matthew Augustine
The Journal of Northeast Asian History , 2011

More than six decades after the end of World War II, the Japanese government has yet to return an estimated ¥278 million worth of unpaid financial assets owed to Asian victims of forced mobilization for the war effort. During the Allied Occupation of Japan, American authorities directed Japanese officials to deposit these assets in the Bank of Japan for eventual restitution, setting up a custody account in 1946 and a foreign creditor’s account in 1949. However, the outbreak of the Korean War destroyed any chance of restitution, as the U.S.

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Journal Article

The New Asianism: Japanese Foreign Policy under the Democratic Party of Japan

Daniel C. Sneider
Asia Policy , 2011

This article examines the foreign policy views of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), from the party’s founding through its first year in power.

Main Argument

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Abstract

Network Associations and Professional Growth among Engineers from India and China in Silicon Valley

Rafiq Dossani, Ashish Kumar
American Behavioral Scientist , 2011

The economic benefits attributed by the literature to ethnic networks include helping their members cope with social exclusion, mainstreaming, facilitating entrepreneurship, and providing access to transnational opportunities. In this article, the authors explore the benefits provided by participation in ethnic professional associations formed by Indian and Chinese engineers in Silicon Valley. We find that the ethnic professional associations offer several of these economic benefits. These benefits are complementary to the benefits from other ethnic ties and from nonethnic ties.

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Working Paper

The Five-Phases of Economic Development and Institutional Evolution in China and Japan

Masahiko Aoki
Social Science Research Network , 2011

This paper adopts a unified approach to an understanding of the development processes of the East Asian economies, Chinese, Japanese and South Korean, in terms of common five phases starting with Malthusian equilibria and extended to forthcoming post-demographic transitions characterized by the shrinkage of the working-age group share in the population. Notwithstanding of the basic commonality, however, there are also marked differences among the East Asian economies in the timing of turning points, durations, and substantive forms of the phases.

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Journal Article

Institutions as cognitive media between strategic interactions and individual beliefs

Masahiro Aoki
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization , 2011

This paper begins with contested issues among various approaches to institutions and seeks an analytical/conceptual framework for integrating them. Based on fundamental studies of knowledge theory and epistemic game theory, it discusses the role of institutions in substantive forms as societal artifacts that cognitively mediate agents’ strategic interactions and their individual beliefs in societal games.

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Pages