Shorenstein APARC Publications
Sharing scholarship and insight on pressing Asia-Pacific topics
Our publishing program
We disseminate research and insight by the Shorenstein APARC intellectual community through an active publishing program that includes an array of books, working papers, and policy briefs. In addition, our faculty and researchers publish extensively in peer-reviewed, academic journals and in scholarly and trade presses. They also frequently provide commentary on newsworthy topics affecting Asia and U.S.-Asia relations.
Providing a Framework for Understanding Korea’s Increasingly Diverse Migrants
A special section in the latest issue of the journal Asian Survey, coedited by Gi-Wook Shin and resulting from the ninth Koret Workshop, charts a course for understanding the human and social capital contributions of Korea’s increasingly heterogeneous migrants.
Financing Longevity: The Economics of Pensions, Health and Long-Term Care
In a special issue of The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, co-edited by Karen Eggleston, a team of scholars examines empirical and theoretical research on problems pertinent to sustainable financing for long lives, covering studies on over 50 countries.
Transboundary Game of Life: Memoir of Renowned Stanford Economist Masahiko Aoki
Aoki recounts his life growing up after WWII, as an activist opposing Japan's rearmament, and the journey that took him to Stanford, Harvard, Kyoto, and back again. This English edition inspires young social scientists to make their own “transboundary game of life.”
APARC Monograph Series with Stanford University Press
Jointly with Stanford University Press, the Center produces the series Studies of the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, featuring academic research by our faculty and scholars.
APARC In-House Series with the Brookings Institution Press
The Center produces a self-published book series featuring policy-relevant research and analysis by our scholars and affiliates. Titles in this series are distributed by Brookings Institution Press.
Governance Corruption Democracy Democracy promotion Disaster response Elections European Union Health care institutions Health Care Reform Homeland Security Human Rights Information Technology Intelligence Institutions and Organizations International Law Kyoto Protocol Media Military NATO Negotiation Peacekeeping Nuclear policy Policy Analysis Rule of Law State-building World Bank World Trade Organization International Relations Agricultural trade Borders Business Diplomacy Foreign Aid Foreign Policy Globalization HIV/AIDS Investment Migration and Citizenship Protectionism Trade Health and Medicine Children's health Comparative effectiveness research Diabetes Health policy Hypertension Hunger Disease Global Health Health and the Environment Health Care Health Outcomes Nutrition Obesity Population health Public Health Smoking International Development Agriculture policy Cleantech Economic Affairs Education Entrepreneurship Food Markets Food Security Innovation Poverty Science and Technology Security Arms Control Arms Smuggling Biosecurity Bioterrorism Civil Wars Conflict Crime Cybersecurity Drug trafficking Kidnapping Missiles Nuclear Risk Nuclear Safety Terrorism Torture convention Violence Energy Biofuels Cap and Trade Coal Electricity Energy and Climate Policy Energy Infrastructure Energy Services Fossil Fuels Natural gas Nuclear Energy Natural gas Renewable Resources Oil Water Environment Palm Oil Agriculture Aquaculture Climate Climate change Deforestation Fisheries Natural Resources Sustainable development Society Aging Migration and Citizenship Culture Demographics Discrimination Ethnicity Gender History Islam Religion Abstract Blog Book Case Studies Conference Memos Commentary Dissertation Journal Article News Policy Brief Q&A Testimony White Paper Working Paper Annual Report Brochure Newsletter
Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida
Given that much of the global leadership in value creation over the past couple of decades has been driven by the Silicon Valley model – not only a geographic region but a distinct ecosystem of complementary characteristics – the basic question this paper asks is how far Japan’s Abenomics reforms are pushing Japan towards being able to compete in an era dominated by Silicon Valley firms.
Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming one of the underlying drivers of the next wave of industrial transformations. There is every reason to believe that we are on the cusp of a sea change in how human activities and decision-making are transformed by abundant computing power. This research note will provide the basis for understanding the conceptual building blocks and paradigmatic examples of how the development of AI is accelerating, and how its deployment will be transformative.
Takeo Hoshi, Takeo Hoshi, Satoshi Koibuchi, Ulrike Schaede
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 2018
Using a unique dataset on all major corporate restructuring events in Japan between 1981 and 2010, we assess changes in the role of the main bank in guiding corporate turarounds, and the economic consequences of these changes for distressed firms. We identify firms in distress among all listed firms based on accounting data, and we separately identify firms undergoing corporate restructuring based on a newspaper search for the Japanese term “saiken”.
Yong Suk Lee, Yong Suk Lee
This paper examines how the spatial distribution of economic activity evolved within North Korea during a period of economic sanctions. Countries have used economic sanctions to isolate North Korea from the benefits of international trade and finance. China, however, has not imposed the sanctions, and consequentially has offset the trade restrictions imposed by other countries.
Yong Suk Lee, Yong Suk Lee
This paper examines the impact of government guaranteed small business loans on regional growth. I construct a metro-level panel of the Small Business Administration's guaranteed loans and examine economic growth between 1993 and 2002, across 316 metro areas in the US. A simple OLS regression finds a significant positive relationship between small business loans and regional growth. However, first-difference and instrumental variable regressions that mitigate endogeneity find no significant employment or income growth effects from small business loans.
Gi-Wook Shin, Rennie Moon
The development community has increased its focus on higher education over the past two decades, recognizing that education can contribute to building up a country’s capacity for participation in an increasingly knowledge-based world economy and accelerate economic growth. The value added by higher education to economies—job creation, innovation, enhanced entrepreneurship, and research, a core higher education activity—has been highlighted by an important body of literature.
Jong Seok Lee,
Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, distributed by Brookings Institution Press, 2018
Peace on a Knife’s Edge is the translation of Lee Jong-Seok's 2014 memoir of South Korean president Roh Moo-hyun's efforts to bring peace to the Korean Peninsula in the face of opposition at home from conservative forces and abroad from the Bush administration’s hard stances of “tailored containment” and its declaration of the North as part of the “axis of evil.”
Jean C. Oi, Jean C. Oi, Steven Goldstein
Stanford University Press, 2018
China has undergone dramatic change in its economic institutions in recent years, but surprisingly little change politically. Somehow, the political institutions seem capable of governing a vastly more complex market economy and a rapidly changing labor force. One possible explanation, examined in Zouping Revisited, is that within the old organizational molds there have been subtle but profound changes to the ways these governing bodies actually work.
Shiro Armstrong, Niruban Balachandran, John Blaxland, Ja Ian Chong, Daniel Wei Boon Chua, Karl Eikenberry, Ralf Emmers, Donald K. Emmerson, Lori Forman, Bates Gill, James Hartsell, Richard Heydarian, James Hirai, Yoichi Kato, Evan Laksmana, Justin Nankivell, Kerry Lynn Nankivell, Kaewkamol "Karen" Pitakdumrongkit, Greg Poling, Greg Raymond, Tan See Seng, Huong Le Thu, Barbara Weisel, Belinda A. Yeomans
In October 2017, twenty-two scholars from eight countries attended a workshop titled “ASEAN @ 50, Southeast Asia @ Risk: What should be done?” The workshop was designed to facilitate a frank and creative discussion of policy recommendations, with the intention of providing the resulting proposals to ASEAN member states and other regional powers.
Jianchao Quan, Huyang Zhang, Deanette Pang, Brian K. Chen, Janice M. Johnston, Weiyan Jian, Zheng Yi Lau, Toshiaki Iizuka, Gabriel M. Leung, Hai Fang, Kelvin B. Tan, Karen Eggleston
Health Affairs, 2018
Improving the quality of primary care may reduce avoidable hospital admissions. Avoidable admissions for conditions such as diabetes are used as a quality metric in the Health Care Quality Indicators of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Using the OECD indicators, we compared avoidable admission rates and spending for diabetes-related complications in Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, and rural and peri-urban Beijing, China, in the period 2008–14.
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 45, 2018
Junfang Xu, Jian Wang, Madeleine King, Ruiyun Liu, Fenghua Yu, Jinshui Xing, Lei Su, Mingshan Lu
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 46, 2018
Asian Economic Policy Review, 2018
Japan is known to have an exceptionally low level of inward foreign direct investment (FDI). The promotion of inward FDI is one of the policy goals of Abenomics structural reforms. This present paper studies the accumulation of Japan's inward FDI stock during the first 3 years of Abenomics (2012–2015), and finds no evidence that Japan's inward FDI stock increased more than the trend before Abenomics started would have predicted.
Ang Sun, Chuanchuan Zhang, Xiangting Hu
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 44, 2017
Sean Sylvia, Hao Xue, ChengChao Zhou, Yaojiang Shi, Hongmei Yi, Huan Zhou, Scott Rozelle, Madhukar Pai, Jishnu Das
PLOS Medicine, 2017
Kenji E. Kushida, Naoyuki Iwashita, Kenji Kushida, Yuri Okina, Noriyuki Yanagawa
Kenji Kushida's new book chapter, "Blockchain, a Silicon Valley Vantage on its Potential and Challenges" was published in new book, "The Future of Blockchain: How it will impact finance, industry, and society edited by Yuri Okina, Noriyuki Yanagawa, and Naoyuki Iwashita.
The seventeenth session of the Korea-U.S. West Coast Strategic Forum held on June 29, 2017 in Seoul convened senior South Korean and American policymakers, scholars and regional experts to discuss North Korea policy and recent developments on the Korean Peninsula. Hosted by the Sejong Institute in association with the Shorenstein APARC, the forum continued its focus on Northeast Asian regional dynamics, the North Korea problem, and the state of the U.S.-Republic of Korea alliance. The participants engaged in candid, productive discussion about issues relating to these topics.
Maigeng Zhou, Shiwei Liu, M. Kate Bundorf, Karen Eggleston, Sen Zhou
Health Affairs, 2017
Health insurance holds the promise of improving population health and survival and protecting people from catastrophic health spending. Yet evidence from lower- and middle-income countries on the impact of health insurance is limited. We investigated whether insurance expansion reduced adult mortality in rural China, taking advantage of differences across Chinese counties in the timing of the introduction of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS).
Daniel C. Sneider
Dun Jiao Du, 2017
President Donald Trump's ominous threat to unleash “fire and fury” on North Korea succeeded at least in garnering the attention of not only Kim Jong Un but the globe. The vague assertion of readiness to carry out a preventive attack on North Korea, even to use nuclear weapons, roiled stock markets, sent Japanese to look for bomb shelters and prompted alarmed warnings against the use of force from both foes and allies, including South Korean President Moon Jae-in. The piece is available in Chinese, English and Japanese.
Donald K. Emmerson
The future of ASEAN is necessarily unknown. Its futures, however, can be guessed with less risk of being wrong. The purpose of this article is not to predict with confidence but to "pandict" with reticence—not to choose one assured future but to scan several that could conceivably occur. Also, what follows is merely a range of possible futures, not the range. The five different ASEANs of the future all too briefly sketched below are meant to be suggestive, but they are neither fully exclusive nor jointly exhaustive. Potentiality outruns imagination.
Ai Yue, Nian-rui Zhang, Liangliang Li, Shanshan Li, Renfu Luo, Yaojiang Shi
中国儿童保健杂志 (China Journal of Children's Health), 2017
Objective To investigate the situation of parenting behavior and related risk factors in infants aged 18~30 months from rural areas of southern Shaanxi Province. Methods A total of 1,243 infants and their families from rural areas of southern Shaanxi Province, China. A multivariate regression analysis and T-test were performed to determine the risk factors for the parenting behavior in caregivers. Results 1) The mother was the primary caregiver for 67.34% of the children in the sample.
Daniel C. Sneider
Tokyo Business Today, 2017
The most dangerous impact of North Korea’s long-range missile test this past week may not have been the one in the Sea of Japan, felt in Washington, Seoul and Tokyo. It was in Moscow where Chinese leader Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin locked arms in a united front on how to respond to the growing North Korea crisis. The target of this front was not, however, North Korea. It was the United States, who the Sino-Russian axis accused of pursuing a military “buildup” in the region.