APARC Publications

A collection of books published in Shorenstein APARC in-house monograph series set against the background of Encina Hall entranceway

Shorenstein APARC Publications

Sharing scholarship and insight on pressing Asia-Pacific topics

Our publishing program

We disseminate research and insight by the Shorenstein APARC intellectual community through an active publishing program that includes an array of books, working papers, and policy briefs. In addition, our faculty and researchers publish extensively in peer-reviewed, academic journals and in scholarly and trade presses. They also frequently provide commentary on newsworthy topics affecting Asia and U.S.-Asia relations.

Featured Publications

Cover of the book 'Being in North Korea'

Providing a Unique View into Life in North Korea

Drawing on his extensive in-country experience, Andray Abrahamian’s new book, ‘Being in North Korea,’ addresses the question "What is it like there?", revealing North Koreans as individuals and a North Korea that is changing.
Cover of the book 'The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century'

Analyzing China-Southeast Asia Relations in the 21st Centurry

In Donald K. Emmerson’s new edited volume, ‘The Deer and the Dragon,’ experts explore how Southeast Asian nations are navigating complex challenges in relation to their powerful and increasingly assertive neighbor.
Fateful Decisions: Choices That Will Shape China's Future

Understanding the Determinants of China’s Future Trajectories

Analyzing the factors and constraints that shape Chinese actors’ decisions in managing the daunting challenges they now face, a new volume helps decisionmakers interpret and respond to developments in and by China.

APARC Monograph Series with Stanford University Press

Jointly with Stanford University Press, the Center produces the series Studies of the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, featuring academic research by our faculty and scholars.

APARC In-House Series with the Brookings Institution Press

The Center produces a self-published book series featuring policy-relevant research and analysis by our scholars and affiliates. Titles in this series are distributed by Brookings Institution Press.

Publications

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Journal Article

Enhancing Financial Protection under China’s Social Health Insurance to Achieve Universal Health Coverage

Hai Fang, Karen Eggleston, Kara Hanson, Ming Wu
BMJ , 2019
China started comprehensive health system reforms in 2009. An important goal of China’s health system reforms was to achieve universal health coverage through building a social health insurance system. Universal health coverage means that all individuals and communities should get the quality health services they need without incurring financial hardship.
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Journal Article

Potential for Inward Foreign Direct Investment in Japan

Takeo Hoshi, Kozo Kiyota
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies , 2019

Promotion of inward foreign direct investment (FDI) into Japan has been an important policy in the Abenomics growth strategy. This paper examines if we observe positive impacts of the policy in the data. We first estimate a gravity model of bilateral FDIs using data for 35 OECD countries as destination countries. In estimating the model, we handle zero values for FDI stock explicitly. The model includes (origin and destination) country-specific effects as well as destination-country specific time trends.

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Journal Article

Forty Years of Formal—but Not yet Normal—Relations

Thomas Fingar
China International Strategy Review , 2019

Ties between individuals and institutions in the United States and the People’s Republic of China have become broader, deeper, and stronger during the four decades since the establishment of formal diplomatic relations in 1979 and the relationship can no longer be described as fragile. However, it also cannot yet be considered a normal relationship, at least not from the perspective of American citizens, companies, and commentators on international affairs. The relationship between the two largest economies and military powers has many asymmetries.

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Journal Article

Financing Longevity: The Economics of Pensions, Health and Long-term Care Insurance

Anita Mukherjee, Karen Eggleston
The Journal of the Economics of Ageing , 2019

This special issue of The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, edited by Anita Mukherjee and APARC's Asia Health Policy Program Director Karen Eggleston, focuses on a key challenge around the world: financing the many needs that come with longer lives, lower fertility, and older population age structures. The triumph of longevity can pose a challenge to the fiscal integrity of public and private pension systems and other social support programs disproportionately used by older adults.

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Journal Article

Economic Impact of Diabetes in South Asia: the Magnitude of the Problem

Kavita Singh, K.M. Venkat Narayan, Karen Eggleston
Current Diabetes Reports , 2019

With an estimated 84 million people suffering from diabetes in South Asia, the disease imposes substantial economic burdens on individuals, families, and society. Furthermore, since the disease burden increasingly occurs in the most productive midlife period, it adversely affects workforce productivity and macroeconomic development. Diabetes-related complications lead to markedly higher treatment costs, causing catastrophic medical spending for many households, thus underscoring the importance of preventing diabetes-related complications.

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Journal Article

1919 in Korea: National Resistance and Contending Legacies

Gi-Wook Shin, Rennie Moon
The Journal of Asian Studies , 2019

The year 2019 is the centennial of several anti-colonialist movements that emerged in Asia, including the March First Movement of Korea, the first nationwide political protest in Korea under Japanese colonial rule. Although the movement failed to achieve national sovereignty, it left important legacies for Korea and other parts of Asia under foreign dominance.

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Journal Article

International Student Networks as Transnational Social Capital: Illustrations from Japan

Gi-Wook Shin, Rennie Moon
Comparative Education , 2019

This paper examines how social isolation in a non-Anglophone context where English is not the main language of instruction for local students but is for international students, has unintended consequences for social capital formation among the latter. What factors influence international student network formation in such places where linguistic barriers are institutionalised and what are their consequences not only during college but beyond, in shaping students’ career plans?

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Book

Transboundary Game of Life: Memoir of Masahiko Aoki

Masahiko Aoki
2019

The central part of this book is an English version of the memoir of Masahiko Aoki that was published in Japanese in 2008 (青木昌彦『私の履歴書 人生越境ゲーム』日本経済新聞出版社).

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Policy Brief

Civil Wars, Intrastate Violence, and International Responses

Todd Richardson , (with Karl W. Eikenberry and Belinda A. Yeomans)
2019

From October 22–23, 2018, the U.S.-Asia Security Initiative (USASI) at Stanford University, in conjunction with the Institute for China-U.S.

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Journal Article

North Korea in 2018: Kim’s Summit Diplomacy

Gi-Wook Shin, Rennie Moon
Asian Survey , 2019
Kim Jong-un showcased a series of summit meetings throughout 2018, including the first-ever meeting of a North Korean leader with a sitting US president. North Korea improved its strained relations with China and South Korea. The country’s denuclearization has yet to be seen, but these events sparked considerable debate about the future.
 
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Working Paper

The Impact of Adolescents’ Risky Health Behaviors on Their Later Economic Outcomes

Marjorie Pajaron
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 52 , 2019

Risky health behaviors such as illicit drug use, smoking, overconsumption of alcohol, violence, and early sexual activity have contemporaneous and intertemporal adverse health and economic outcomes. The health-related and economic costs to individuals and to society overall are particularly pronounced when adolescents are the ones engaging in one or more of such behaviors.

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Working Paper

The Impact of Energy Access on Mothers’ Health, Labor, and Time Allocation

Marjorie Pajaron
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 53 , 2019

This paper shows that, for mothers in Cebu, Philippines, access to electricity and the type of cooking fuel used at home affect both health outcomes and also how time is allocated, including for paid work. First, the use of fuelwood for cooking adversely affects the health of mothers, who are traditionally responsible for cooking and are often at home, taking care of their families. This result is consistent across different econometric specifications.

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Working Paper

How Individuals’ Birth Weight and Later Risk Factors Interact to Determine Their Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Longitudinal Study in the Philippines

Marjorie Pajaron
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 54 , 2019

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which are disorders of the heart and blood vessels, are the world’s leading cause of death (WHO, 2016). The transition from infectious diseases to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), primarily CVDs, as the primary cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide— combined with the economic burden associated with heart-related diseases—prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) and its regional offices to identify CVDs’ risk factors (WHO, 2016).

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Working Paper

Future Projection of the Health and Functional Status of Older People in Japan: A Pseudopanel Microsimulation Model*

Megumi Kasajima, Hideki Hashimoto, Sze-Chuan Suen, Brian Chen, Karen Eggleston, Jay Bhattacharya
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 55 , 2019

Background: Precise future projection of population health distribution is imperative for designing an efficient healthcare system in rapidly aging countries. Multistate-transition microsimulation models such as the US Future Elderly Model have been developed based on panel data collection, but these data may not be always available. We proposed a pseudopanel method using repeated cross-sectional representative surveys as a complementary approach, and specifically applied the model to Japan's population.

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Working Paper

Weathering the Storm: Weather Shocks and International Migrants from the Philippines

Marjorie Pajaron
Asia Health Policy Program working paper # 51 , 2019

The growing literature on environmental migration presents conflicting results. While some find that natural disasters induce international migration, others discover a dampening effect. We aim to reconcile these differences by using a comprehensive list of weather shocks from the Philippines, a country prone to natural disasters and a major exporter of labor. We constructed a longitudinal provincial dataset (2005–2015) from an assemblage of administrative and survey datasets and tested linear, quadratic, and lagged models.

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Journal Article

The IMF as a Biased Global Insurance Mechanism: Asymmetrical Moral Hazard, Reserve Accumulation, and Financial Crises

Phillip Lipscy, Haillie Na-Kyung Lee
International Organization , 2018

Abstract: A large literature has established that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is heavily politicized. We argue that this politicization has important consequences for international reserve accumulation and financial crises. The IMF generates moral hazard asymmetrically, reducing the expected costs of risky lending and policies for states that are politically influential vis-à-vis the institution.

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Journal Article

The Impact of Social Pensions on Intergenerational Relationships: Comparative Evidence from China

Xi Chen, Karen Eggleston, Ang Sun
The Journal of the Economics of Ageing , 2018

China launched a new rural pension scheme (NRPS) for rural residents in 2009, now covering almost all counties with over 400 million people enrolled.

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Journal Article

Modern Management and the Demand for Technical Skill

Yong Suk Lee
Labor Economics , 2018

This paper examines the relationship between modern management practices and the demand for different occupational skills utilizing a unique context in South Korea after the Asian financial crisis. Management practices in South Korea had traditionally emphasized the organizational harmony over individual performance, and firm growth over short-term profits. However, as South Korea opened up to foreign firms after the financial crisis, domestic firms started to adopt western or more "modern" management practices.

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Journal Article

How Do Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM)-Related Complications and Socioeconomic Factors Impact Direct Medical Costs? A Cross-Sectional Study in Rural Southeast China

Haibin Wu, Karen Eggleston, Jieming Zhong, Ruying Hu, Chunmei Wang, Kaixu Xie, Yiwei Chen, Xiangyu Chen, Min Yu
BMJ Open , 2018
Objective To evaluate type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-related direct medical costs by complication type and complication number, and to assess the impacts of complications as well as socioeconomic factors on direct medical costs.
 
Design A cross-sectional study using data from the region’s diabetes management system, social security system and death registry system, 2015.
 
Setting Tongxiang, China.
 
Participants Individuals diagnosed with T2DM in the local dia
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Policy Brief

Break Through: Women in Silicon Valley, Womenomics in Japan Final Report

Japan Program at the Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center , 2018

On August 9, 2018, the Shorenstein Asia Pacific Research Center (APARC) hosted a conference, “Break Through: Women in Silicon Valley, Womenomics in Japan" with support from the Acceleration Program in Tokyo for Women (APT).

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Journal Article

Information Technology in the Property Market

Yong Suk Lee, Yuya Sasaki
Information Economics and Policy , 2018

Information technology is increasingly being utilized in the property market. This paper examines how sensitive house transaction prices are to online price estimates using data collected from Zillow. We find that online property price estimates strongly predict transaction prices even when observable and unobservable house and neighborhood characteristics are controlled for. In addition, we find evidence that suggests that online price estimates may have a direct impact on transaction prices.

 

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Journal Article

Civil Wars & Global Disorder: Threats & Opportunities

Karl Eikenberry, Stephen D. Krasner
Dædalus , 2018

There are some thirty ongoing civil wars – Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq among the high-profile case

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Journal Article

The Politics of Energy and Climate Change in Japan under Abe: Abenergynomics

Trevor Incerti, Phillip Lipscy
Asian Survey , 2018

Under what we call Abenergynomics, Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzō has used energy policy to support the growth objectives of Abenomics, even when the associated policies are publicly unpopular, opposed by utility companies, or harmful to the environment. We show how Abenergynomics has shaped Japanese policy on nuclear power, electricity deregulation, renewable energy, and climate change.

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Policy Brief

Taiwan's Place in the Evolving Security Environment of East Asia

Kharis Templeman, Ph.D., (with the support of U.S.-Asia Security Initiative: Karl Eikenberry , and Belinda A. Yeomans)
2018

In March 2018 the Taiwan Democracy and Security Project, a part of the U.S.-Asia Security Initiative at Stanford University’s Shorenstein Asia- Pacific Research Center, convened a workshop that examined Taiwan’s place in the evolving security environment of East Asia. Participants from the United States, Taiwan, and elsewhere in Asia were experts on a wide array of economic, diplomatic, and security topics.

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Journal Article

Direct Medical Cost of Diabetes in Rural China Using Electronic Insurance Claims Data and Diabetes Management Data

Haibin Wu, Karen Eggleston, Jieming Zhong, Ruying Hu, Chunmei Wang, Kaixu Xie , Yiwei Chen, Xiangyu Chen, Min Yu
Journal of Diabetes Investigation , 2018
Aims/Introduction
To evaluate the annual direct medical cost attributable to type 2 diabetes mellitus according to socioeconomic factors, medical conditions and complications categories.
 
Materials and Methods
We created uniquely detailed data from merging datasets of the local diabetes management system and the social security system in Tongxiang, China.
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