APARC_Japan_Program_Publications

Panelists at the Human Autonomy in the Age of Automation Conference

Publications

Comprehensive analysis of the political, economic, and social issues of contemporary Japan.

Japan Program scholars regularly author books, book chapters, journal articles, working papers, and policy recommendations. We also share the outcomes of our research projects, proceedings from our conferences, and materials from our workshops and policy outreach activities. Browse our publications below.

Portrait of Kiyoteru Tsutsui and 3D mockup cover of his book 'Human Rights and the State: the Power of Ideas and the Reality of International Politics' (in Japanese)

Publication Spotlight

In his new book, 'Human Rights and the State: The Power of Ideas and the Reality of International Politics,' Kiyoteru Tsutsui explores the paradox underlying the expansion of universal human rights and Japan's engagement with human rights ideas and laws.

Publications

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Books

The Courteous Power

John D. Ciorciari, Kiyoteru Tsutsui
2021 November 8, 2021

Japan and Southeast Asia in the Indo-Pacific Era

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Journal Articles

Potential for Inward Foreign Direct Investment in Japan

Takeo Hoshi, Kozo Kiyota
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 2019 June 1, 2019

Promotion of inward foreign direct investment (FDI) into Japan has been an important policy in the Abenomics growth strategy. This paper examines if we observe positive impacts of the policy in the data. We first estimate a gravity model of bilateral FDIs using data for 35 OECD countries as destination countries. In estimating the model, we handle zero values for FDI stock explicitly. The model includes (origin and destination) country-specific effects as well as destination-country specific time trends.

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Journal Articles

International Student Networks as Transnational Social Capital: Illustrations from Japan

Gi-Wook Shin, Rennie Moon
Comparative Education, 2019 April 1, 2019

This paper examines how social isolation in a non-Anglophone context where English is not the main language of instruction for local students but is for international students, has unintended consequences for social capital formation among the latter. What factors influence international student network formation in such places where linguistic barriers are institutionalised and what are their consequences not only during college but beyond, in shaping students’ career plans?

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Books

Transboundary Game of Life: Memoir of Masahiko Aoki

Masahiko Aoki
2019 March 15, 2019

The central part of this book is an English version of the memoir of Masahiko Aoki that was published in Japanese in 2008 (青木昌彦『私の履歴書 人生越境ゲーム』日本経済新聞出版社).

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Policy Briefs

Break Through: Women in Silicon Valley, Womenomics in Japan Final Report

Japan Program at the Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, 2018 October 24, 2018

On August 9, 2018, the Shorenstein Asia Pacific Research Center (APARC) hosted a conference, “Break Through: Women in Silicon Valley, Womenomics in Japan" with support from the Acceleration Program in Tokyo for Women (APT).

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Journal Articles

The Politics of Energy and Climate Change in Japan under Abe: Abenergynomics

Trevor Incerti, Phillip Lipscy
Asian Survey, 2018 August 1, 2018

Under what we call Abenergynomics, Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzō has used energy policy to support the growth objectives of Abenomics, even when the associated policies are publicly unpopular, opposed by utility companies, or harmful to the environment. We show how Abenergynomics has shaped Japanese policy on nuclear power, electricity deregulation, renewable energy, and climate change.

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Books

Japan Decides 2017: The Japanese General Election (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida, Robert J. Pekkanen, Steven R. Reed, Ethan Scheiner, Daniel M. Smith, Et al.
2018 May 30, 2018

This third volume in the Japan Decides series remains the premier venue for scholarly research on Japanese elections. Spotlighting the 2017 general election, the contributors discuss the election results, party politics, coalition politics with Komeito, the cabinet, constitutional revision, new opposition parties, and Abenomics. Additionally, the volume looks at campaigning, public opinion, media, gender issues and representation, North Korea and security issues, inequality, immigration and cabinet scandals.

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Books

Reinventing Japan: New Directions in Global Leadership (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Martin Fackler, Yoichi Funabashi, Kenji Kushida, Et al.
2018 March 14, 2018

Highly readable yet deeply researched, this book serves as an essential guide to the many ways in which Japan has risen to become one of the world's most creative and innovative societies.


• Challenges conventional views of Japan as mired in two unproductive "lost decades" by documenting the myriad ways in which the nation has embraced creativity and innovation

• Describes the ways in which Japan has transformed our lives and explains the guiding principles of one of the world's least understood, most vibrantly creative societies

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Working Papers

Abenomics and Japan's Entrepreneurship and Innovation: Is the Third Arrow Pointed in the Right Direction for Global Competition in the Digital Era of Silicon Valley?

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida
2018 March 6, 2018

Given that much of the global leadership in value creation over the past couple of decades has been driven by the Silicon Valley model – not only a geographic region but a distinct ecosystem of complementary characteristics – the basic question this paper asks is how far Japan’s Abenomics reforms are pushing Japan towards being able to compete in an era dominated by Silicon Valley firms. 

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Journal Articles

The decline in bank-led corporate restructuring in Japan: 1981-2010

Takeo Hoshi, Takeo Hoshi, Satoshi Koibuchi, Ulrike Schaede
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 2018 March 1, 2018

Using a unique dataset on all major corporate restructuring events in Japan between 1981 and 2010, we assess changes in the role of the main bank in guiding corporate turarounds, and the economic consequences of these changes for distressed firms. We identify firms in distress among all listed firms based on accounting data, and we separately identify firms undergoing corporate restructuring based on a newspaper search for the Japanese term “saiken”.

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Working Papers

Artificial Intelligence: The Algorithmic Revolution Driving the Next Industrial Transformation

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida
2018 March 1, 2018

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming one of the underlying drivers of the next wave of industrial transformations. There is every reason to believe that we are on the cusp of a sea change in how human activities and decision-making are transformed by abundant computing power. This research note will provide the basis for understanding the conceptual building blocks and paradigmatic examples of how the development of AI is accelerating, and how its deployment will be transformative. 

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Journal Articles

Has Abenomics Succeeded in Raising Japan's Inward Foreign Direct Investment?

Takeo Hoshi
Asian Economic Policy Review, 2018 January 1, 2018

Japan is known to have an exceptionally low level of inward foreign direct investment (FDI). The promotion of inward FDI is one of the policy goals of Abenomics structural reforms. This present paper studies the accumulation of Japan's inward FDI stock during the first 3 years of Abenomics (2012–2015), and finds no evidence that Japan's inward FDI stock increased more than the trend before Abenomics started would have predicted.

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Books

The Future of Blockchain: How it will impact finance, industry, and society (Book Chapter)

Kenji E. Kushida, Naoyuki Iwashita, Kenji Kushida, Yuri Okina, Noriyuki Yanagawa
2017 October 1, 2017

Kenji Kushida's new book chapter, "Blockchain, a Silicon Valley Vantage on its Potential and Challenges" was published in new book, "The Future of Blockchain: How it will impact finance, industry, and society edited by Yuri Okina, Noriyuki Yanagawa, and Naoyuki Iwashita.

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Commentary

Is the War Danger in Korea Real?

Daniel C. Sneider
Dun Jiao Du, 2017 August 16, 2017

President Donald Trump's ominous threat to unleash “fire and fury” on North Korea succeeded at least in garnering the attention of not only Kim Jong Un but the globe. The vague assertion of readiness to carry out a preventive attack on North Korea, even to use nuclear weapons, roiled stock markets, sent Japanese to look for bomb shelters and prompted alarmed warnings against the use of force from both foes and allies, including South Korean President Moon Jae-in. The piece is available in Chinese, English and Japanese.

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Commentary

The North Korean Missile Test Pushes Xi and Putin Closer

Daniel C. Sneider
Tokyo Business Today, 2017 July 6, 2017

The most dangerous impact of North Korea’s long-range missile test this past week may not have been the one in the Sea of Japan, felt in Washington, Seoul and Tokyo. It was in Moscow where Chinese leader Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin locked arms in a united front on how to respond to the growing North Korea crisis. The target of this front was not, however, North Korea. It was the United States, who the Sino-Russian axis accused of pursuing a military “buildup” in the region.

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Commentary

Surviving the Trump-Moon Summit

Daniel C. Sneider
Toyo Keizai Online (Tokyo Business Today), 2017 July 5, 2017

In the days leading up to the Washington summit between South Korean President Moon Jae-in and U.S. President Donald Trump, the tension in Seoul was hard to escape. Fears of an open clash between the two leaders, of a handshake that went on too long, or of a hostile early morning tweet directed at Moon were widespread. But when a senior national security advisor to Moon met a group of American visitors after the first day of talks, he was visibly relieved. The dinner between Moon and U.S.

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Books

Renegotiating the World Order: Institutional Change in International Relations

Phillip Lipscy
Cambridge University Press, 2017 June 30, 2017

Rising powers often seek to reshape the world order, triggering confrontations with those who seek to defend the status quo. In recent years, as international institutions have grown in prevalence and influence, they have increasingly become central arenas for international contestation. Phillip Y. Lipscy examines how international institutions evolve as countries seek to renegotiate the international order. He offers a new theory of institutional change and explains why some institutions change flexibly while others successfully resist or fall to the wayside.

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Commentary

The Trump Tower Peace Theory

Phillip Lipscy
Foreign Policy, 2017 June 26, 2017

President Donald Trump ascended to office with an estimated $3.5 billion of personal wealth tied up in his global real estate empire. This has raised a variety of concerns about conflicts of interest, particularly the potential for cronyism and corruption. But the greatest danger is that U.S. foreign policy will be fundamentally distorted by the president’s business interests. We face what might be dubbed a “nepotist peace”: The United States will avoid any conflict that puts a Trump Tower, the embodiment of his familial business empire, at risk.

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Commentary

South Korea Votes for Change: What It Means for the United States

Daniel C. Sneider
The National Bureau of Asian Research, 2017 May 9, 2017

President-elect Moon has gained office riding a wave of demand for social justice and a reform of democratic governance in South Korea. These are the issues that are certain to consume his attention and that of voters. U.S. policymakers need to be mindful that the domestic factors that led to this shift in power in South Korea will remain paramount. That said, the return to power of South Korea’s progressives augurs a significant shift in several areas of policy that will have a clear impact on alliance relations with the United States.

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Working Papers

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Japan: Why Japan (Still) Matters for Global Competition

Kenji E. Kushida, Kenji Kushida
2017 April 24, 2017

Through the 1980s, Japan was significant in global competition largely by shaping global technological trajectories, transforming major global industries, and contributing to fundamental innovations in industrial production processes, creating enough wealth along the way to propel Japan to the world’s second largest economy. After the economic bubble burst in the early 1990s, however, other places such as Silicon Valley in the United States, moved to the forefront of transforming technology, industries, and production, creating vast wealth along the way.

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Commentary

Changing the Script at Mar-a-Lago

Daniel C. Sneider
Toyo Keizai Online (Tokyo Business Today), 2017 April 19, 2017

Two events - the U.S. airstrike on an airbase in Syria following the regime's chemical weapons attack and the leaked reports about tensions between White House staff - shifted the agenda of the summit between U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping, and sidelined, at least for now, talk of a trade war between China and the United States.

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