APARC_Japan_Program_Publications

Panelists at the Human Autonomy in the Age of Automation Conference

Publications

Comprehensive analysis of the political, economic, and social issues of contemporary Japan.

Japan Program scholars regularly author books, book chapters, journal articles, working papers, and policy recommendations. We also share the outcomes of our research projects, proceedings from our conferences, and materials from our workshops and policy outreach activities. Browse our publications below.

Portrait of Kiyoteru Tsutsui and 3D mockup cover of his book 'Human Rights and the State: the Power of Ideas and the Reality of International Politics' (in Japanese)

Publication Spotlight

In his new book, 'Human Rights and the State: The Power of Ideas and the Reality of International Politics,' Kiyoteru Tsutsui explores the paradox underlying the expansion of universal human rights and Japan's engagement with human rights ideas and laws.

Publications

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Working Papers

Institutions and Comparative Economic Development

Masahiko Aoki, Timur Kuran, Gérard Roland
Palgrave Macmillan, 2012 December 31, 2012

This book explores why different patterns of economic development and growth have been observed across different regions and over time. Drawing on the contributions of outstanding scholars in comparative and historical institutional analysis, this volume presents the roles of political institutions, social organizations and norms, culture, and policy in economic development and societal evolution. The contributors include, besides the editors, G. Austin, A. Greif, D. Ma, T. Khanna, J.L. Rosenthal, C.H. Shiue, J. Svenjinar, P. Temmin, R.B. Wong, and others.

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Working Papers

The Global Macro Economy and Finance

Franklin Allen, Masahiko Aoki, Nobuhiro Kiyotaki
Palgrave Macmillan, 2012 December 31, 2012

This volume explores fundamental macroeconomic and financial issues of today from fresh perspectives. Bringing together leading scholars and practitioners in the fields, it analyzes the light that the recent crisis has shed on the global macro economy, sectoral structure and financial architecture, and proposes policies needed to address systemic financial risks and foster a sustainable growth. It also explores the measurement of economic and social progress in our societies, and proposes new frameworks to integrate economic dimensions with other aspects of human wellbeing.

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Working Papers

The Chinese Economy: A New Transition

Masahiko Aoki, Jinglian Wu
Palgrave MacMillan, 2012 December 31, 2012

China has enjoyed a higher growth rate for a longer period than any other nation to date, but a new consensus is emerging that China is now facing a crucial turning point. This volume is unprecedented in bringing together leading economists from China and the rest of the world to analyse the sources of economic growth, examine its changing conditions for future development, and suggest desirable policy and institutional reforms.

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Working Papers

Complexity and Institutions: Markets, Norms and Corporations

Masahiko Aoki, Kenneth Binmore, Simon Deakin, Herbert Gintis
Palgrave Macmillan, 2012 December 31, 2012

This volume explores how complex economic transactions can be treated in economics, as well as how societies bring order to complex economic and social transactions through various institutional devices. Bringing together eminent scholars from the fields of game theory, complexity, econometrics and law, it explores theoretically and empirically how markets, social norms, and corporate organization and governance evolve, and how these institutions affect economic behavior. The contributors include, besides the editors, S. Cincotti, M. Gallegatti, M. Kandori, K. Pistor, B. Skyrms, R.

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Journal Articles

A Casualty of Political Transformation? The Politics of Energy Efficiency in the Japanese Transportation Sector

Phillip Lipscy
Journal of East Asian Studies, 2012 September 1, 2012

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) came to power in 2009 promising significant transportation sector reform, but it has struggled to implement its proposals. Phillip Y. Lipscy argues that the DPJ's initiatives faltered due to the legacy of “efficiency clientelism.” Historically, Japanese transportation policy combined two imperatives: (1) encourage efficiency by raising the cost of energy-inefficient transportation, and (2) redistribute benefits to supporters of the incumbent Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

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Journal Articles

Japan Under the DPJ: The Paradox of Political Change Without Policy Change

Phillip Lipscy, Ethan Scheiner
Journal of East Asian Studies, 2012 September 1, 2012

In 2009, the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) brought an end to the long reign of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). However, despite high expectations, this politically transformative event has not unleashed significant policy change in Japan. Phillip Y. Lipscy and Ethan Scheiner highlight five electoral factors that have acted as important constraints on policy change under DPJ rule. First, majoritarian electoral rules have led to a convergence in the policy positions of the two major political parties.

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Working Papers

Defying Gravity: How Long Will Japanese Government Bond Prices Remain High?

Takeo Hoshi, Takatoshi Ito
The National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012 August 1, 2012

Recent academic papers have shown that the Japanese sovereign debt situation is not sustainable. The puzzle is that the bond rate has remained low and stable. Some suggest that the low yield can be explained by domestic residents’ willingness to hold Japanese government bonds (JGBs) despite its low return, and that as long as domestic residents remain home-biased, the JGBs are sustainable. About 95% of JGBs are currently owned by domestic residents.

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Policy Briefs

Policy Options for Japan's Revival

Takeo Hoshi, Anil K. Kashyap
National Institute for Research Advancement, 2012 June 1, 2012

This report discusses desirable policy directions and options in the aftermath of the Great Tohoku Earthquake. It argues that the importance of Japan’s productivity growth has not been invalidated by the disaster, and suggests that Japan should consider restoration and reconstruction from the earthquake as a great opportunity to reposition its policies.

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Working Papers

Japan’s Fukushima Nuclear Disaster: Narrative, Analysis, and Recommendations

Kenji E. Kushida
Shorenstein APARC Working Paper Series, 2012 June 1, 2012

This report provides one of the first coherent, readable narratives of the Fukushima nuclear disaster—what happened in the first few days. It is based on new sources available in Japanese and National Diet testimonies, and is an objective overview of events as they unfolded, rather than an ideologically positioned effort of advocacy. The report goes on to analyze the institutional and governance aspects of Japan’s nuclear oversight, highlighting the fundamental problems that surfaced during the disaster that stem from deeper structural issues.

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Journal Articles

The Gathering Storm: Analyzing the Cloud Computing Ecosystem and Implications for Public Policy

Kenji Kushida, Jonathan Murray, John Zysman
Communications and Strategies, 2012 March 1, 2012

The authors contend that cloud computing is historically unique by simultaneously being an innovation ecosystem, production platform, and global marketplace. In the first part, they define cloud computing as a "dynamic" utility, listing key characteristics of what it is and what it is not, both from providers' and users' vantages. In the second part, they characterize three competitive battles in the broader cloud ecosystem: winning the user (cloud providers), the search for value (network providers), and the device wars (device providers).

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Journal Articles

Entrepreneurship in Japan’s ICT Sector: Opportunities and Protection from Japan’s Telecommunications Regulatory Regime Shift

Kenji Kushida
Social Science Japan Journal, 2012 January 1, 2012

Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship played a critical role in transforming Japan’s telecommunications sector. Between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s, in a sector long dominated by a stable set of large actors with well-established patterns of interaction, entrepreneurs introduced new technologies, new business models, and new norms of interaction.

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