Net Value in Diabetes Management
Empowering health systems to develop actionable programs to control chronic disease
Asia’s growing diabetes epidemic
Across East Asia and South Asia, the prevalence of diabetes among adults is on the rise. An international, comparative study of “value for money” in diabetes management helps develop best practices in chronic disease control and provides an evidence base for policies to improve access to quality, affordable care.
As rising longevity and declining fertility rates drive population aging around the world, health systems confront the challenge of promoting healthy aging. Reducing the complications associated with chronic diseases like diabetes is critical to addressing this challenge. Since 1980, the burden of diabetes, both in terms of prevalence and number of adults affected, has increased at a greater rate in low-income and middle-income countries than in high-income countries. About 80% of adults with diabetes today live in low-to-middle income countries, with the largest increase in absolute numbers in East Asia and South Asia.
The Net Value in Diabetes Management research project, led by Shorenstein APARC’s Asia Health Policy Program (AHPP), compares health care use, medical spending, and clinical outcomes for patients with diabetes in Asia and other parts of the world as a lens for understanding the economics of caring for patients with complicated chronic diseases across diverse health systems.
This international collaborative research brings together teams of clinicians and health economists in ten countries (and growing): China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan, as well as the United States and The Netherlands. Together, the teams analyze big data—detailed, longitudinal patient-level information for large samples from each country, including millions of records of clinical encounters, health-check-up, and medical spending—to compare the health care use and patient outcomes for adults with type 2 diabetes in their health systems. The teams draw on previous methods for assessing net value as discussed in a 2009 study co-authored by Karen Eggleston, the project’s principal investigator and AHPP director.
The project aims to quantify the quality improvement associated with changes in medical technology, and to provide an evidence base for policies to improve the delivery of quality, cost-effective diabetes management coordinated across outpatient and inpatient settings. It contributes to each multidisciplinary team’s input for learning healthcare systems, as well as to health economics research on value for money across distinctive health service delivery systems.
The project is part of a broader research agenda seeking to assess productivity in health care with appropriate adjustments for quality. It has led to an extended study that is specifically focused on health policy reforms and chronic disease management in India and China (funded by the Stanford Center at Peking University).
Lead Researchers and Collaborators
APARC Deputy Director and Asia Health Policy Program Director
Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Center Fellow at the Center for Health Policy and the Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research
Sanjay Basu, MD, PhD, School of Medicine, Center for Health Policy, and Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research
Latha Palaniappan, MD, School of Medicine
Kyueun Lee, Health Policy PhD student, School of Medicine
Research partners are affiliated with Peking University and Zhejiang Provincial CDC, China; Hong Kong University; Public Health Foundation of India; University of Tokyo;
Singapore Ministry of Health; Seoul National University School of Public Health; Chang Gung University, Taiwan; National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, The Netherlands
Current Diabetes Reports, May 2019
See also Confronting South Asia Diabetes Epidemic, APARC website, May 2019
Asia Health Policy Program Assembles Conferences in Beijing on Healthy Aging and Primary Care
Shorenstein APARC website, August 2018
Shorenstein APARC website, August 2018
Photo credit: Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention