Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Hospital Choice in Japan

September 1995

We use newly released data on Japanese hospitals to explore patients’ perceptions of hospital quality, the implications of these assessments for the structure of demand for hospital care, and the...

Medical Ivory Towers and the High Cost of Health Care: A Comparison of Teaching Hospitals in the United States and Japan

January 1993

Surgical Volumes and Operating Room Efficiency in Stanford University and Tokyo University Hospitals

January 1996

One of the most persistent and important questions in international comparisons of health systems pertains to the wide divergence in costs between countries.

Japan-America Security Alliance: Prospects for the Twenty-First Century, The

January 1998

By almost any criterion of success—be it cost-effectiveness, risk-reward ratio, multipliereffects, or sheer longevity, the Japan America Security Alliance (JASA) stands out as one ofthe most...

Variation of Clinical Judgment in Cases of Hysterectomy in R.O.C., Japan, England, and the United States

October 1998

Hysterectomy is the most common non-pregnancy-related major surgery performed on women in the United States.

Principal-Agent Problems in Health Care: Evidence from Prescribing Patterns of Private Providers in Vietnam

December 2009

The principal-agent problem in health care asserts that providers, being imperfect agents for patients, will act to maximize their profits at the expense of the patients’ interests.

Inpatient treatment of diabetic patients in Asia: evidence from India, China, Thailand and Malaysia

October 2009

Aims The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has grown rapidly, but little is known about the drivers of inpatient spending in low- and middle-income countries.

Health Care 2000: Do Health Care Markets Require a New Model? Proceedings of a Conference Held May 4-5, 2000 at Stanford University

May 2001

On May 4 and 5, 2000, health care leaders, professionals, and academics convened at the Bechtel Conference Center at Stanford University for the Health Care Conference 2000.

Developing Commercial Health Insurance in China

December 2008

In late 2006, the Chinese government appointed a high-level inter-ministerial commission—composed of fourteen government agencies, co-chaired by the National Development and Reform Commission and...

The Evolution of Local State Corporatism

July 1998

Zouping offers important general lessons for the study of China's rural transformation.

Crisis Preparedness: Asia and the Global Governance of Epidemics

June 2007

Throughout history, nations have waged war against epidemics, from bubonic plague to pulmonary tuberculosis.

Health Care for One Billion: Experimenting with Incentives for the Supply of Health Care in Rural China

December 2006

Despite successful economic reforms over the past two decades, China's health care system for the nearly one billion people that live and work in rural areas is broken.

Health Service Delivery in China: A Literature Review

December 2007

We report the results of a review of the Chinese- and English-language literatures on service delivery in China, asking how well China's health-care providers perform and what determines their...

Healthcare Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe: Overview and Possible Implications for China

December 2007

This article focuses on the healthcare system reforms in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) over the past decade.

Healthcare Payment Incentives: A Comparative Analysis of Reforms in Taiwan, South Korea and China

December 2004

Payment incentives have significant consequences for the equity and efficiency of a health care system, and have recently come to the fore in health policy reforms.

Ownership and performance of health service organizations: Evidence from hospitals

December 2006

Early-Stage Valuation in the Biotechnology Industry

February 2008

Biotechnology (or biotech) has impacted almost every aspect of human life.

Emerging Health Economics and Outcomes Research in the Asia-Pacific Region

December 2008

This issue of Value in Health presents selected articles from the ISPOR Second Asia Pacific Conference held in Shanghai, March 2006.

Pharmaceutical Policy in China

July 2008

Contradictory goals plague China’s pharmaceutical policy. The government wants to develop the domestic pharmaceutical industry and has used drug pricing to cross-subsidize public hospitals.

Hard Choices: Security, Democracy, and Regionalism in Southeast Asia

November 2008

Hard Choices offers a most rewarding perspective on how Southeast Asian states straddle the ongoing tensions among three rarely compatible goals—security, democracy, and regionalism.

The Effect of Informal Caregiving on Labor Market Outcomes in South Korea

December 2008

Embedded in traditional culture perpetuating family-centered elderly care, informal care is still viewed as a family or moral issue rather than a social and policy issue in South Korea.

Hospital Ownership and Quality of Care: What Explains the Different Results?

December 2008

This systematic review examines what factors explain the diversity of findings regarding hospital ownership and quality.

Has the Use of Physician Gatekeepers Declined among HMOs? Evidence from the United States

December 2008

Since the mid-1980s, health maintenance organizations (HMOs) have grown rapidly in the United States.  Despite initial successes in constraining health care costs, HMOs have come under increasing...

People

scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship, Co-director, SCCEI
2011May20KohrmanMatthewWEB Matthew Kohrman Senior Fellow, by courtesy Associate Professor, Anthropology
Mary Collier Wilks headshot Mary-Collier Wilks Shorenstein Postdoctoral Fellow, 2021-2022