Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Women Left Behind

Gender Disparities in Utilization of Government Health Insurance in India

Filtered Life

Air Purification, Gender, and Cigarettes in the People's Republic of China

A quarter century of ‘The Proper Scope of Government’: Theory and Applications

February 2021

A quarter-century ago in a seminal paper, Hart, Shleifer, and Vishny (NBER1996, QJE1997) developed a theory of the ‘Proper Scope of Government.’ Oliver Hart, 2016 Nobel Laureate, reflects on that...

Robots and Labor in the Service Sector: Evidence from Nursing Homes

February 2021

In one of the first studies of service sector robotics using establishment-level data, we study the relationship between robots and staffing in Japanese nursing homes.

The Effects of Chronic Disease Management in Primary Health Care: Evidence from Rural China

February 2021

Health systems globally face increasing morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases, yet many - especially in low- and middle-income countries - lack strong chronic disease management in primary...

Health, Psychosocial, and Economic Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on People with Chronic Condition in India: A Mixed Methods Study

January 2021

Background. People with chronic conditions are disproportionately prone to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic but there are limited data documenting this.

Intended and Unintended Consequences of a New Limit on Working Hours in South Korea: Implications for Precarious Employment

June 2020

Effective as of July 1, 2018, South Korea set a new cap on employees’ weekly working hours, decreasing the maximum number from 68 to 52.

COVID-19 Incidence and the Timing of Quarantine Measures and Travel Restrictions: A Cross-country Analysis

June 2020

COVID-19 presents humanity with not just a health crisis but also a governance crisis as leaders around the globe confront the challenges of stemming the spread of the virus.

Healthy Aging in Asia

May 2020

Life expectancy in Japan, South Korea, and much of urban China has now outpaced that of the United States and other high-income countries.

Intention to Pay for HPV Vaccination among Women of Childbearing Age in Vietnam

May 2020

The intention to pay for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among women of childbearing age in Vietnam, where cervical cancer remains a significant public health concern, has been mostly...

Fateful Decisions: Choices That Will Shape China's Future

May 2020

Explore our series of multimedia interviews and Q&As with the contributors to this volume:  China Faces Tough Decisions and Stronger Headwinds China’s Incentives to Work Within the U.S.-led...

China’s Challenges: Now It Gets Much Harder

March 2020

The easy phases of China’s quest for wealth and power are over. After forty years, every one of a set of favorable conditions has diminished or vanished, and China’s future, neither inevitable nor...

Healing One-fifth of Humanity: Progress and Challenges for China’s Health System

October 2019

China’s national health reforms over the past two decades have brought the system closer to the modern, safe, reliable and accessible health system that is commensurate with China’s dramatic...

Weathering the Storm: Weather Shocks and International Migrants from the Philippines

January 2019

The growing literature on environmental migration presents conflicting results. While some find that natural disasters induce international migration, others discover a dampening effect.

The Impact of Adolescents’ Risky Health Behaviors on Their Later Economic Outcomes

January 2019

Risky health behaviors such as illicit drug use, smoking, overconsumption of alcohol, violence, and early sexual activity have contemporaneous and intertemporal adverse health and economic outcomes...

The Impact of Energy Access on Mothers’ Health, Labor, and Time Allocation

January 2019

This paper shows that, for mothers in Cebu, Philippines, access to electricity and the type of cooking fuel used at home affect both health outcomes and also how time is allocated, including for...

How Individuals’ Birth Weight and Later Risk Factors Interact to Determine Their Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Longitudinal Study in the Philippines

January 2019

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which are disorders of the heart and blood vessels, are the world’s leading cause of death (WHO, 2016).

Future Projection of the Health and Functional Status of Older People in Japan: A Pseudopanel Microsimulation Model*

January 2019

Background: Precise future projection of population health distribution is imperative for designing an efficient healthcare system in rapidly aging countries.

The Impact of Social Pensions on Intergenerational Relationships: Comparative Evidence from China

December 2018

China launched a new rural pension scheme (NRPS) for rural residents in 2009, now covering almost all counties with over 400 million people enrolled.

Poisonous Pandas: Chinese Cigarette Manufacturing in Critical Historical Perspectives

May 2018

*/ A favorite icon for cigarette manufacturers across China since the mid-twentieth century has been the panda, with factories from Shanghai to Sichuan using cuddly cliché to market tobacco...

Selective Mortality and the Long-term Effects of Early-life Exposure to Natural Disasters

April 2018

We analyze the effects of early-life shocks with varying degrees of severity on mortality and human capital outcomes in the Philippines.

Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine in Asia: Evidence from Breast Cancer Treatment in Taiwan

April 2018

High costs of precision medicine raise concerns about exacerbating income-related disparities in healthcare utilization and health outcomes.

Dual Practice of Public Hospital Physicians in Vietnam

April 2018

Although many public hospital physicians in Vietnam offer private service on the side, little is known about the magnitude and nature of the phenomenon of so-called dual practice, let alone the...

Organizing Old Age Pensions for India’s Informal Workers: A Case Study of a Sector-Driven Approach

April 2018

AbstractAbout 88 percent of India’s total labor force is composed of informal (officially labeled “unorganized”) workers.

People

scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship, Co-director, SCCEI
2011May20KohrmanMatthewWEB Matthew Kohrman Senior Fellow, by courtesy Associate Professor, Anthropology
Photo of Mary-Collier Wilkes Mary-Collier Wilks Shorenstein Postdoctoral Fellow, 2021-2022