Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Substance Abuse Policy in Thailand: Current Challenges and Future Strategies

January 2018

AbstractSubstance abuse has been an important social and public health problem in Thailand for decades.

Rural-Urban Disparities in the Utilization of Mental Health Inpatient Services in China: The Role of Health Insurance

January 2018

AbstractObjective: Reducing rural-urban disparities in health and health care has been a key policy goal for the Chinese government.

Passive Parenting and its Association with Early Child Development

November 2017

This study aims to investigate the developmental status of rural Chinese children, the extent of interactive parenting they receive, and the relation between the two.

Boys, Girls, and Grandparents: The Impact of the Sex of Preschool-Age Children on Family Living Arrangements and Maternal Labour Supply

October 2017

AbstractThis paper considers household decision making on living arrangements and maternal labor supply in an extended family with young children.

Mortality In Rural China Declined As Health Insurance Coverage Increased, But No Evidence The Two Are Linked

September 2017

Health insurance holds the promise of improving population health and survival and protecting people from catastrophic health spending.

The Relationship Between Infant Peer Interactions and Cognitive Development: Evidence from Rural China

July 2017

Abstract: Social interactions in infancy have implications for long-term outcomes.

Personalized and Precision Medicine in Japan

July 2017

AbstractAs many other countries, Japan is working on development of personalized and precision medicine.

The Effect of Family-Friendly Policies on Fertility and Maternal Labor Supply

May 2017

ABSTRACTLow fertility is a major policy focus in Japan.

The Weaker Sex? Vulnerable Men, Resilient Women, and Variations in Sex Differences in Mortality since 1900

November 2016

Abstract. Sex differences in mortality (SDIM) vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

The Weaker Sex? Vulnerable Men, Resilient Women, and Variations in Sex Differences in Mortality since 1900

October 2016

Sex differences in mortality (SDIM) vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Policy Challenges from Demographic Change in China and India

July 2016

The world’s two most populous countries face numerous policy challenges from rapid demographic change.

Out-of-pocket health expenditures and antimicrobial resistance in low-income and middle-income countries: an economic analysis

October 2015

IntroductionThe decreasing effectiveness of antimicrobial agents is a growing global public health concern.

Staffing Subsidies and the Quality of Care in Nursing Homes

May 2015

Concerns about the quality of state-financed nursing home care has led to the wide-scale adoption by states of pass-through subsidies, in which Medicaid reimbursement rates are directly tied to...

An Exploration of China's Mortality Decline under Mao: A Provincial Analysis, 1950-1980

December 2014

Between 1950 and 1980, China experienced the most rapid sustained increase in life expectancy of any population in documented global history.

Patient Copayments, Provider Incentives and Income Effects: Theory and Evidence from China’s Essential Medications List Policy

September 2013

How do demand- and supply-side incentives interact, when there are potentially large provider income effects?

Empirical Investigation of Declining Childbirth: Psychosocial and Economic Conditions in Japan

August 2013

Background: For the past two decades, more and more women in certain European countries, Japan, and the United States are giving birth to their first child at a considerably later age than ever...

Will Demographic Change Slow China's Rise?

June 2013

China's population of 1.34 billion is now 50 percent urban, over 13 percent above age 60, and with 118 boys born for every 100 girls.

Economic Research on Elderly Health and Implications for Analysis of Aging China

March 2013

"Old while not affluent" situation, together with an unsustainable high investment rate and high dependency on foreign trade, spurs hot debates on the challenges of a fast-aging population and the...

Smoking Intensity Among Male Factory Workers in Kunming, China

March 2013

Introduction.

Contracting with Private Providers for Primary Care Services: Evidence from Urban China

January 2013

Controversy surrounds the role of the private sector in health service delivery, including primary care and population health services.

The Effects of Economic Transition on Mortality in Shanghai, China

December 2012

Much research has linked an increase in adult mortality with the socioeconomic transition of former European socialist societies after 1989.

Remittances, Informal Loans, and Assets as Risk-Coping Mechanisms: Evidence from Agricultural Households in Rural Philippines

November 2012

This paper investigates whether agricultural households in the rural Philippines insure their consumption against income shocks and whether they use migration, remittances, informal loans, or...

Prevention of Chronic Noncommunicable Disease in Mongolia: A Facility-Based Qualitative Study

October 2012

Nutrition, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption are major causes of morbidity and mortality related to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs).

The New Demographic Transition: Most Gains in Life Expectancy Now Realized Late in Life

June 2012

The share of increases in life expectancy realized after age 65 was only about 20 percent at the beginning of the 20th century for the United States and 16 other countries at comparable stages of...