APARC Publications

A collection of books published in Shorenstein APARC in-house monograph series set against the background of Encina Hall entranceway

Shorenstein APARC Publications

Sharing scholarship and insight on pressing Asia-Pacific topics

Our publishing program

We disseminate research and insight by the Shorenstein APARC intellectual community through an active publishing program that includes an array of books, working papers, and policy briefs. In addition, our faculty and researchers publish extensively in peer-reviewed, academic journals and in scholarly and trade presses. They also frequently provide commentary on newsworthy topics affecting Asia and U.S.-Asia relations.

Featured Publications

The book cover of The North Korean Conundrum

Balancing North Korean Human Rights and Nuclear Security

In 'The North Korean Conundrum.' experts examine the relationship between North Korean human rights and denuclearization, and how North Koreans’ limited access to information is part of the crisis.
Book cover showing a robotic hand holding an older human hand.

Exploring the Intersection of Demographics and Innovation in Asia

The new volume 'Demographics and Innovation in the Asia-Pacific' offers lessons from Asian nations about the challenges facing aging societies and the roles technology and innovation may play in rebalancing them.
Cover of the book 'The Deer and the Dragon: Southeast Asia and China in the 21st Century'

Analyzing China-Southeast Asia Relations in the 21st Centurry

In Donald K. Emmerson’s new edited volume, ‘The Deer and the Dragon,’ experts explore how Southeast Asian nations are navigating complex challenges in relation to their powerful and increasingly assertive neighbor.

APARC Monograph Series with Stanford University Press

Jointly with Stanford University Press, the Center produces the series Studies of the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, featuring academic research by our faculty and scholars.

APARC In-House Series with the Brookings Institution Press

The Center produces a self-published book series featuring policy-relevant research and analysis by our scholars and affiliates. Titles in this series are distributed by Brookings Institution Press.

Publications

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Rafiq Dossani
Books

Modes of Engagement: Muslim Minorities in Asia

Rafiq Dossani
Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center , 2014

Of Asia’s 800 million Muslims, 215 million are minorities within their countries. These Muslim minorities have experienced a persistent decline in their socioeconomic and political status. Along with this decline, they are increasingly identified by their faith and largely accorded no other identity for civic relations. Why have these Muslim minorities been particularly affected during a time of unprecedented opportunities for the mainstream in Asia’s unprecedented era of growth and rising freedoms?

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Books

Knowledge Perspectives of New Product Development: A Comparative Approach

Dimitris G. Assimakopoulos, Elias G. Carayannis, Rafiq Dossani
Springer , 2012

New product and service development is the lifeblood of any enterprise. Beyond the obvious need for organizations to innovate in order to compete, embedded in any new product development (NPD) program are knowledge, technological expertise, and the social networks that convert these capabilities into marketable offerings. Recent research has focused on the NPD as dynamic and iterative, as opposed to linear. The pressure to reduce costs is forcing many companies to outsource operations.

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Working Papers

The Changing Governance of Higher Education in India

Martin Carnoy, Rafiq Dossani
Stanford University , 2011

In this paper, Martin Carnoy and Rafiq Dossani ask how the governance and objectives of Indian higher education have evolved, and whether changes in governance are consistent with changes in the system’s social objectives, and, in their turn, how the governance system, which is a “layered” product of past structures heavily influenced by a series of historical reforms, may impact how current social objectives are realized. These social objectives have included, at various times, at the least, equity, quality, cost effectiveness, and access.

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Abstracts

Network Associations and Professional Growth among Engineers from India and China in Silicon Valley

Rafiq Dossani, Ashish Kumar
American Behavioral Scientist , 2011

The economic benefits attributed by the literature to ethnic networks include helping their members cope with social exclusion, mainstreaming, facilitating entrepreneurship, and providing access to transnational opportunities. In this article, the authors explore the benefits provided by participation in ethnic professional associations formed by Indian and Chinese engineers in Silicon Valley. We find that the ethnic professional associations offer several of these economic benefits. These benefits are complementary to the benefits from other ethnic ties and from nonethnic ties.

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Working Papers

Social Media in the Workplace

Rafiq Dossani
Stanford University , 2011

The objective of this paper is to discover the social media platforms (SMPs) that are economically relevant to a business organization, the uses to which these platforms are put, and the reasons for their value. Given that social media generates information, the paper assumes that the difference between social media platforms arises from just two factors: the extent of control that may be exercised over the information flow and the extent of collaboration on information flows possible among participants on the platform.

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Journal Articles

The Future of India's Muslims

Rafiq Dossani
Avicenna: The Stanford Journal on Muslim Affairs , 2011

India’s Muslims account for 13.4 percent of the country’s 1.2 billion population and constitute its largest minority group. Since the country’s independence in 1947 and right up to the present decade, the Muslim community in various parts of the country has suffered hundreds of violent, sectar­ian attacks. A recent peak involved the Gujarat riots of 2002, when 2,000 Muslims were killed in a state-sponsored pogrom.

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Books

Indian Federalism and the Conduct of Foreign Policy in Border States: State Participation and Central Accommodation since 1990

Rafiq Dossani, S. Vijaykumar, A. Mattoo, H. Joseph
Har-Anand in Shaping India's Foreign Policy: People, Politics, and Places , 2010

This volume seeks to understand, analyze, and describe the domestic underpinnings of foreign policy making in India. It investigates and evaluates the impact that the political, economic, social, religious, and cultural diversity of India has had on the making of the country's foreign and defense policy, particularly in the last two decades. It is essential reading for practitioners and scholars alike, and fills a huge gap in the understanding of India's engagement with the outside world.

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Books

Software Production: Globalization and its Implications

Rafiq Dossani, Ejaz Ghani
Oxford University Press, in The Service Revolution in South Asia , 2010

South Asia's growth pattern, and India's growth in particular, has attracted global attention because of its success in service exports. The South Asian experience suggests that a service revolution—rapid growth and poverty reduction led by services—is now possible.

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Working Papers

Understanding the Expansion and Quality of Engineering Education in India (draft)

Martin Carnoy, Rafiq Dossani, Jandhyala Tilak
Stanford University , 2010

This is a study of higher education and quality in one of the world's largest

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Books

Does South Asia Exist? Prospects for Regional Integration

Rafiq Dossani, Daniel C. Sneider, Vikram Sood
Shorenstein APARC , 2010

Before 1947, South Asia was for the most part a single state. Multiple states emerged thereafter, and then moved apart politically, culturally, and economically. The resulting interstate tensions are manifest in the countless "negative lists"-items that may not be traded, tariffs that must be paid, transport lines that cannot be crossed-that govern these nations' daily interactions. Intermittent armed conflict in the region only intensifies feelings of distrust.

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Books

Offshoring

Rafiq Dossani, Akira Iriye, Pierre-Yves Saunier
Palgrave MacMillan, in Dictionary of Transnational History , 2009

Written and edited by many of the world’s foremost scholars of transnational history, this dictionary challenges readers to look at the contemporary world in a new light. It contains over 400 entries on transnational subjects such as food, migration, and religion, as well as traditional topics such as nationalism and war.

Rafiq Dossani, a Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center senior research scholar, contributed the chapter about offshoring.

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Working Papers

Indian Soft Power and Associations of the American Diaspora

Rafiq Dossani
, 2009

The objective of this paper is to examine the ‘soft power' exercised by associations formed by the Indian diaspora in the United States, as it relates to: (a) building up the image of India as a deserving member of the global elite - politically, culturally and economically, and, then, (b) using that image to achieve certain goals for their country of origin. The term "association" is used to denote both formal non-profit organizations, such as trade associations, and informal non-profit organizations.

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Journal Articles

Service Provision for the Global Economy: The Evolving Indian Experience

Rafiq Dossani, Martin Kenney
Review of Policy Research , 2009

Since 1995, the offshoring of services to India has rapidly evolved from a curiosity only studied by a few scholars to a phenomenon portending a major shift in the geography of global economic activity. The article examines the evolution of Indian global services provision quantitatively and qualitatively through the use of four case studies. The first case study examines the challenge that the Indian information technology systems integrators (ITSIs) pose to the formerly larger—but now roughly comparable in terms of employment—incumbent developed-nation ITSIs.

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Policy Briefs

Third Annual Globalization of Services Conference Summary Report

Rafiq Dossani, Martin Kenney
Shorenstein APARC , 2007

On December 7 and 8, 2007, the Third Annual Globalization of Services Conference organized by Rafiq Dossani and Martin Kenney was held at Stanford University. The conference explored the following questions:

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Books

India Arriving: How This Economic Powerhouse is Redefining Global Business

Rafiq Dossani
AMACOM/American Management Association , 2007

Once the jewel in the crown of the formidable British Empire, India has been surrounded by myth for years. After gaining independence in 1948, this often misunderstood country found itself faced with a new sense of freedom -- and along with it, enormous burdens and challenges. While exotic, mysterious, and seductive, it has also become an economic force to be reckoned with. With the fourth largest economy in the world, the largest youth population on Earth, and a thriving middle class, India is the second-most-preferred destination for foreign investment.

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Policy Briefs

Report of the Committee on Technology Innovation and Venture Capital

Rafiq Dossani, Shri Nitin Desai, Shri Nandan Nilekani, Shri Saurabh Srivastava, Rajiv Lall, N.L. Sarda, Shri Shrawan Nigam, Shri Parag Saxena, Shri Romesh Wadhwani, Arvind Virmani
Planning Commission, Government of India , 2006

Recognizing that new technology is the driver of growth in the emerging environment of a knowledge-based society, the Indian Planning Commission convened a committee on Technology Innovation and Venture Capital. The Committee undertook a number of tasks, most notably:

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Working Papers

Accessing Early-Stage Risk Capital in India

Rafiq Dossani, Asawari Desai
The South Asia Initiative, Shorenstein APARC, and The Indus Entrepreneurs (TiE) , 2006

The flow of risk capital in India has increased substantially since 2000, an outcome that was significantly influenced by targeted reforms since 1999. A key problem, however, remains: over 90 percent of the money is invested in late-stage initiatives by mature firms. Even the remainder mostly finances new firms replicating proven business ideas. As a result, very few innovative startups are funded. This will have a negative ripple effect on the quality of late stage opportunities in later years.

The objective of this study is to identify causes and recommend improvements.

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Working Papers

Offshoring and the Future of U.S. Engineering: An Overview

Rafiq Dossani, Martin Kenney
The Bridge: Linking Engineering and Society , 2005

Engineering as a profession in the United States and other developed nations may soon face a crisis. As a result of sophisticated telecommunications and the digitization of engineering work processes, increasing portions of engineering work can be done without close proximity to particular persons, places, or other processes. In principle at least, this work can be done anywhere in the world that has access to (1) global telecommunications networks and requisite software packages and (2) adequately trained personnel.

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Working Papers

Origins and Growth of the Software Industry in India

Rafiq Dossani
Shorenstein APARC , 2005

The paper explains the evolution of India's software industry. Domestic entrepreneurship emerges as the key factor for origination, survival and innovation in a hostile industrial policy environment. The maturing of the industry required a shift to a supportive government policy; maturation was also critically enabled by the modularization of the programming function through new technologies. These changes favored domestic firms that provided programming services. Later policy and technological changes induced transnational entry and led to higher value-added output.

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Working Papers

Enabling ICT for Rural India

Rafiq Dossani, D.C. Misra, Roma Jhaveri
Shorenstein APARC/National Informatics Centre , 2005

India, over the past decade, has become a test bed for innovations in information and communication technologies (ICT) serving the rural user. Various reasons explain this emergence. The most obvious is the search for a solution to what has long been an intractable problem: that rural India has remained poor while the rest of the country has moved ahead.

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Books

Prospects for Peace in South Asia

Rafiq Dossani, Henry S. Rowen
Stanford University Press: Studies of the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center , 2005

Prospects for Peace in South Asia, the inaugural title in a new series of "Studies of the Asia-Pacific Research Center" published by Stanford University Press, addresses the largely hostile, often violent relations between India and Pakistan that date from their independence in 1947. The persistent conflict between the two neighboring countries over Kashmir has defied numerous international attempts at resolution and entered its most dangerous phase when both India and Pakistan became nuclear powers in 1998.

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Working Papers

Indian Federalism and the Conduct of Foreign Policy in Border States: State Participation and Central Accommodation

Rafiq Dossani, Srinidhi Vijaykumar
Shorenstein APARC , 2005

The role of subnational units (states, provinces, cantons, Lander) in international affairs is a growing subject in the literature on federalist affairs. Scholars of political science have traditionally seen the conduct of foreign policy as the exclusive domain of the national government. This would seem an especially apt observation about India's federalist system. The Indian constitution has given the center particularly strong powers -- so strong, in fact, that some have described it as "quasi federal" because of the lack of autonomy it affords to the states.

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Journal Articles

Reorganizing the Power Distribution Sector in India

Rafiq Dossani
Energy Policy , 2004

This paper presents the central issues for electricity-sector reform in India, as they grew out of the reform process that began in 1991, and within the context of the sector's organization, regulatory structure, and other institutional characteristics. The paper argues that India's current reform policies will not be sufficient to achieve reliable, efficient power because distribution reform has not been done. Undertaking distribution reform is a difficult path to tread because of the absence of global consensus on best practices and conflicting forces, both economic and political.

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Working Papers

Prospects Brighten for Long-term Peace in South Asia

Rafiq Dossani
Shorenstein APARC , 2004

Ever since 1998, the year of India and Pakistan's nuclear tests, many commentators have argued that, in the absence of U.S. intervention, the two nations are headed for armed conflict that will likely end in nuclear war. The logic underlying this view is twofold. First, that religious radicalism--defined as the participation in political and/or military activities by groups in the name of religion--has become sufficiently powerful in Pakistan to make ongoing support for the Kashmir insurgency inevitable.

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