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The Healer or the Druggist: Effects of Two Health Care Policies in Taiwan on Elderly Patients' Choice Between Physician and Pharmacist Services

December 2009

When both physicians and pharmacists in Taiwan prescribed and dispensed drugs, many elderly people considered the two types of health care providers more or less synonymous (i.e., close substitutes...

Comparing Public and Private Hospitals in China: Evidence from Guangdong

December 2009

Government and private roles in health service delivery remain controversial in China, as in many countries.

Soft Budget Constraints in China: Evidence from the Guangdong Hospital Industry

December 2009

Using data from 276 general acute hospitals in the Pearl River Delta region of Guangdong Province from 2002 and 2004, we construct a preliminary metric of budget constraint softness.

Out-of-pocket household health expenditures and their use in National Health Accounts: Evidence from Pakistan

June 2009

Out-of-pocket (OoP) household health expenditures are among the most difficult factors to measure in the context of National Health Accounts (NHA).

Prescribing Cultures and Pharmaceutical Policy in the Asia-Pacific

August 2009

Pharmaceutical policies are interlinked globally and at the same time deeply rooted in local culture.

Human Resource Management Technology Diffusion through Global Supply Chains: Buyer-Directed Factory-Based Health Care in India

December 2009

We examine the role that buyers in global supply chains play in helping vendors uncover productivity-enhancing labor management innovations.

The Emerging Role of Private Health Care Provision in China

December 2009

China continues to face great challenges in meeting the health needs of its large population.

Pandemic Influenza and the Globalization of Public Health

December 2009

When one can circle the globe in less than the time of incubation of most infectious pathogens, it is clear every country relies to some extent on the health systems of other countries to prevent...

The Net Value of Health Care for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, 1997 to 2005

December 2009

Background.  The net value of increased health care spending remains unclear, especially for chronic diseases. Objective.

Strict Liability for Medical Injuries? The Impact of Increasing Malpractice Liability on Obstetrician Behavior: Evidence from Taiwan

December 2010

Policy makers and academics have long debated the existence and extent of defensive medicine in the face of medical malpractice liability pressure.

Health Expenditures in Pakistan: Cross-Checking Household Expenditure Data on Health for NHA and Adjustment with National Accounts

December 2010

According to hitherto available data, health expenditures in Pakistan are relatively low in international comparison.

Catastrophic Payments and Impoverishment Due to Out-of-Pocket Health Spending: The Effects of Recent Health Sector Reforms in India

July 2010

Out-of-pocket payments are the principal source of health care finance in most Asian countries, and India is no exception. This fact has important consequences for household living standards.

Longevity, Capital Formation and Economic Development

July 2010

Many researchers have concluded that longer life expectancies prompt increased investment in education, as a prolonged labor supply raises the rate of return on education.

The Global Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance: Insights from Economic Analysis

August 2010

The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AR) limits the therapeutic options for treatment of infections, and increases the social benefit from disease prevention.

Patient Preferences, Concerns, and Satisfaction with Providers before the Chinese Urban Health System Reform: A Social Groups Analysis

September 2010

Many Chinese express dissatisfaction with their healthcare system with the popular phrase Kan bing nan, kan bing gui (“medical treatment is difficult to access and expensive”).

Perverse Incentives in the Chinese Health System and Assessment of the April 2009 Reform

October 2010

Since 1978, China has been primarily market-focused in its provision of health care and social services.

The Imbalance between Patient Needs and the Limited Competence of Top-Level Health Providers in Urban China: An Empirical Study

November 2010

Objective: To show the pattern of patient satisfaction with top-level delivery organizations (Level 2 and Level 3 hospitals), and using neo-institutionalism approach to explain the relatively low...

The Effect of Coresidence with an Adult Child on Depressive Symptoms among Older Widowed Women in South Korea: An Instrumental Variable Estimation

November 2010

The objective of this paper is to estimate the causal effect of coresidence with an adult child on depressive symptoms among older widowed women in South Korea.

Aging Asia: The Economic and Social Implications of Rapid Demographic Change in China, Japan, and South Korea

December 2010

In the past fifty years, two factors have led to global population aging: a decline in fertility to levels close to—or even below—replacement and a decline in mortality that has increased world...

Prevention and Control of Chronic Non-communicable Disease in Nine Pacific Rim Cities

December 2010

Populous, economically dynamic, and rapidly urbanizing, the Asia Pacific both reflects and strongly shapes trends in global public health.

Private Health Insurance in South Korea: An International Comparison

January 2011

OUR APOLOGIES: THIS WORKING PAPER HAS BEEN TEMPORARILY REMOVED PENDING PEER REVIEW FOR PUBLICATION.In this study, we discuss the historical and policy background of expanded private health...

Shorenstein APARC Center Overview 2009-2010

December 2010

Shorenstein APARC's center overviews provide detailed information about Shorenstein APARC's mission, history, faculty, financial support, organizational structure, projects, and programs.

Comparing Public and Private Hospitals in China: Evidence from Guangdong

March 2010

Background: The literature comparing private not-for-profit, for-profit, and government providers mostly relies on empirical evidence from high-income and established market economies.

Soft Budget Constraints and Ownership: Empirical Evidence from U.S. Hospitals

December 2011

Consistent with the property rights theory of ownership incorporating soft budget constraints (SBCs), we find that controlling for SBCs, for-profit hospitals drop safety-net services more often and...