Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Healing One-fifth of Humanity: Progress and Challenges for China’s Health System

October 2019

China’s national health reforms over the past two decades have brought the system closer to the modern, safe, reliable and accessible health system that is commensurate with China’s dramatic...

Future Projection of the Health and Functional Status of Older People in Japan: A Pseudopanel Microsimulation Model*

January 2019

Background: Precise future projection of population health distribution is imperative for designing an efficient healthcare system in rapidly aging countries.

Weather Shocks and International Labor Mobility: Evidence from the Philippines

January 2019

The main goal of this paper is to examine whether natural disasters and the damages they cause contribute to the international migration of Filipino workers.

The Impact of Adolescents’ Risky Health Behaviors on Their Later Economic Outcomes

January 2019

Risky health behaviors such as illicit drug use, smoking, overconsumption of alcohol, violence, and early sexual activity have contemporaneous and intertemporal adverse health and economic outcomes...

The Impact of Energy Access on Mothers’ Health, Labor, and Time Allocation

January 2019

This paper shows that, for mothers in Cebu, Philippines, access to electricity and the type of cooking fuel used at home affect both health outcomes and also how time is allocated, including for...

How Individuals’ Birth Weight and Later Risk Factors Interact to Determine Their Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Longitudinal Study in the Philippines

January 2019

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which are disorders of the heart and blood vessels, are the world’s leading cause of death (WHO, 2016).

The Impact of Social Pensions on Intergenerational Relationships: Comparative Evidence from China

December 2018

China launched a new rural pension scheme (NRPS) for rural residents in 2009, now covering almost all counties with over 400 million people enrolled.

Poisonous Pandas: Chinese Cigarette Manufacturing in Critical Historical Perspectives

May 2018

*/ A favorite icon for cigarette manufacturers across China since the mid-twentieth century has been the panda, with factories from Shanghai to Sichuan using cuddly cliché to market tobacco...

Economic Dimensions of Personalized and Precision Medicine in Asia: Evidence from Breast Cancer Treatment in Taiwan

April 2018

High costs of precision medicine raise concerns about exacerbating income-related disparities in healthcare utilization and health outcomes.

Dual Practice of Public Hospital Physicians in Vietnam

April 2018

Although many public hospital physicians in Vietnam offer private service on the side, little is known about the magnitude and nature of the phenomenon of so-called dual practice, let alone the...

Selective Mortality and the Long-term Effects of Early-life Exposure to Natural Disasters

April 2018

We analyze the effects of early-life shocks with varying degrees of severity on mortality and human capital outcomes in the Philippines.

Organizing Old Age Pensions for India’s Informal Workers: A Case Study of a Sector-Driven Approach

April 2018

AbstractAbout 88 percent of India’s total labor force is composed of informal (officially labeled “unorganized”) workers.

Substance Abuse Policy in Thailand: Current Challenges and Future Strategies

January 2018

AbstractSubstance abuse has been an important social and public health problem in Thailand for decades.

Rural-Urban Disparities in the Utilization of Mental Health Inpatient Services in China: The Role of Health Insurance

January 2018

AbstractObjective: Reducing rural-urban disparities in health and health care has been a key policy goal for the Chinese government.

Boys, Girls, and Grandparents: The Impact of the Sex of Preschool-Age Children on Family Living Arrangements and Maternal Labour Supply

October 2017

AbstractThis paper considers household decision making on living arrangements and maternal labor supply in an extended family with young children.

Mortality In Rural China Declined As Health Insurance Coverage Increased, But No Evidence The Two Are Linked

September 2017

Health insurance holds the promise of improving population health and survival and protecting people from catastrophic health spending.

Personalized and Precision Medicine in Japan

July 2017

AbstractAs many other countries, Japan is working on development of personalized and precision medicine.

The Effect of Family-Friendly Policies on Fertility and Maternal Labor Supply

May 2017

ABSTRACTLow fertility is a major policy focus in Japan.

The Weaker Sex? Vulnerable Men, Resilient Women, and Variations in Sex Differences in Mortality since 1900

November 2016

Abstract. Sex differences in mortality (SDIM) vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

The Weaker Sex? Vulnerable Men, Resilient Women, and Variations in Sex Differences in Mortality since 1900

October 2016

Sex differences in mortality (SDIM) vary over time and place as a function of social, health, and medical circumstances.

Policy Challenges from Demographic Change in China and India

July 2016

The world’s two most populous countries face numerous policy challenges from rapid demographic change.

Out-of-pocket health expenditures and antimicrobial resistance in low-income and middle-income countries: an economic analysis

October 2015

IntroductionThe decreasing effectiveness of antimicrobial agents is a growing global public health concern.

An Exploration of China's Mortality Decline under Mao: A Provincial Analysis, 1950-1980

December 2014

Between 1950 and 1980, China experienced the most rapid sustained increase in life expectancy of any population in documented global history.

Patient Copayments, Provider Incentives and Income Effects: Theory and Evidence from China’s Essential Medications List Policy

September 2013

How do demand- and supply-side incentives interact, when there are potentially large provider income effects?